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Clearing Up the Jargon: Roofing Terms Defined

If you’re a homeowner in need of a roof replacement, the stress that comes with researching the ins and outs of this kind of project can be overwhelming. Compounding the worries of such a big renovation, you have the added stress of trying to decode roofing “lingo.” With so many terms unique to the roofing world, you could spend hours scouring the internet and still feel a little lost!

Luckily, that’s where Shamrock Roofing and Construction comes into play. Our roofers in Omaha keep things simple for homeowners by providing ample customer education. We want you to feel informed about your roofing project from start to finish. That’s why we’ve compiled a list of the most common roofing terms and their definitions. 

If you still have questions after perusing this list, contact us at Shamrock Roofing and Construction. We’d love to clear up the confusion!

Roof Layers

Many homeowners mistakenly assume that a roof entails a simple layer of shingles, but this assumption couldn’t be further from the truth. A roof replacement project actually contains layers and layers of unique products that mesh together to form a unified front. Here are some of the major layering terms you might encounter:

  • Decking: This is the first layer of your roof. It is a solid wooden board that serves as the foundation for the rest of the project.
  • Underlayment: This layer is typically composed of felt or a synthetic mix. It is applied directly over the decking board and serves as an extra line of defense against water penetration.
  • Ice and water barrier: This is the final layer before shingles are installed. Strategically placed, the ice and water shield protects against moisture.
  • Flashing: These metal pieces are installed to redirect water away from your chimney and the walls of your home. They’re fixed in the seams — the places where two roof surfaces join. Flashing typically stands out and isn’t layered like the other materials, but no roof should be without it.

Roofing Extras

Next, it’s time to discuss the additional features of your roofing structure. Shamrock’s roofers in Omaha also install these important roofing components:

  • Gutters and downspouts: While gutters aren’t a requirement, no home should be without them. Gutter systems redirect water away from the home’s foundation. Without a well-functioning gutter system, water can pool at the base of the foundation and may cause leaks in the basement.
  • Fascia: The fascia serves as a transition between your roof and your home. It’s often decorative in nature and helps complete the look of the house, giving your roof replacement project the look of being “complete.”
  • Soffits: Soffits are installed where the overhang meets the wall of the house. They protect the rafters from the elements, keeping water out and helping prevent mold growth. Soffits also provide an aesthetic element. Intake vents are often installed in the soffits to help with air circulation.

Miscellaneous Terms

Here are a few other terms you may come across when looking for a “roof repair company near me.”

  • Roof pitch: This measurement is used when determining a quote for your project. Pitch refers to the rise and run of your roof or its “steepness.”
  • Eaves: The eaves are the horizontal edges of the roof.
  • Roof rake: Your roofer might suggest investing in a roof rake once your roof replacement project is complete. Roof rakes are helpful for clearing snow in the winter and keeping debris off the roof year-round.

It’s Time to Get Started!

Shamrock Roofing and Construction handles all things roofing related: roof replacement, new roof installation, maintenance, and storm damage repair. Now that you have a better grasp of roofing lingo, it’s time to get your roofing project underway. Contact Shamrock Roofing today to schedule a free roof inspection!